What is the greatest recovered artifact of all time?
The Death Mask of Tutankhamun
Date of Discovery: 1922 | Approximate Date of Creation: Unknown, likely 14th century BC | Location of Discovery: Valley of the Kings, Egypt | Culture of Origin: Ancient Egyptian
Description: An ornate funerary mask formed with gold, semiprecious stones, and a variety of glass paneling, intended to be used as the mask covering the mummified body.
Historical Significance: Rekindled international interest in Egypt and the Ancient Egyptian rulers, illustrated the death rituals of the culture.
The Dead Sea Scrolls
Date of Discovery: Between 1946 and 1956 | Approximate Date of Creation: 4th Century BC | Location of Discovery: Khirbet Qumran, Israel | Culture of Origin: Ancient Hebrew
Description: Over 980 original versions of Hebrew Bible entries, largely written in Hebrew and Aramaic.
Historical Significance: Cemented the validity of contemporary passages, as well as possessing significant religious value.
The Terracotta Soldiers
Date of Discovery: 1975 | Approximate Date of Creation: 3rd Century BC | Location of Discovery: Shaanxi, China | Culture of Origin: Chinese Qin Dynasty
Description: A massive collection of terracotta warrior statues (including chariots and cavalry) gathered in pits, with sizes varying according to military rank.
Historical Significance: Offered insight into the Qin burial rituals, as well as the technology and craftsmanship of the dynasty.
The Rosetta Stone
Date of Discovery: 1799 | Approximate Date of Creation: 196 BC | Location of Discovery: Rashid, Egypt | Culture of Origin: Ancient Egyptian
Description: A granodiorite slab covered in three distinct languages, reportedly commissioned by King Ptolemy V.
Historical Significance: Supplied the first functional method of translating and comprehending Egyptian hieroglyphs.
The Sutton Hoo Helmet
Date of Discovery: 1939 | Approximate Date of Creation: 7th century AD | Location of Discovery: Suffolk, England | Culture of Origin: Anglo-Saxon
Description: An elaborate and decorative helmet worked in tinned bronze, complete with stylized brows, a set of cheek and neck guards, and flanking panels over the ears.
Historical Significance: Provided a better understanding of Anglo-Saxon warrior culture and burial traditions, made links to similar Swedish customs from the same era.
The Antikythera Mechanism
Date of Discovery: 1900 or 1901 | Approximate Date of Creation: 205 BC | Location of Discovery: Near Antikythera, Greece | Culture of Origin: Ancient Greek
Description: A clockwork mechanism composed of interlocking bronze cogs, apparently intended to predict astronomical events.
Historical Significance: Demonstrated a profound and advanced understandings of mathematics and astronomy in the Ancient Greek world.
The Nebra Sky Disk
Date of Discovery: 1999 | Approximate Date of Creation: 1600 BC | Location of Discovery: Nebra, Germany | Culture of Origin: Unetice
Description: A bronze disk measuring nearly a foot in diameter, decorated with inlaid gold and astronomical symbols such as a sun and moon.
Historical Significance: Hinted toward a Bronze Age understanding of astronomy, as well as a connection between eclipses, astronomical monitoring, and religion.
The Mask of Agamemnon
Date of Discovery: 1876 | Approximate Date of Creation: Between 1550 and 1500 BC | Location of Discovery: Mycenae, Greece | Culture of Origin: Unknown, likely Mycenean
Description: A gold funeral mask existing as one piece of a five-part set, rumored to have crafted for the legendary Greek hero Agamemnon.
Historical Significance: Although the mask predates Agamemnon or his mention in Greek stories, the mask offers a fascinating look at the customs and artwork of Mycenae.
The Phaistos Disc
Date of Discovery: 1908 | Approximate Date of Creation: 2nd millennium BC | Location of Discovery: Phaistos, Crete | Culture of Origin: Ancient Minoan
Description: A disk formed from fired claying and stamped with a variety of symbols and insignias, but lacking clarity regarding its intended use.
Historical Significance: Sparked a large debate and speculation regarding the disc's use or symbolism, which still continues to this day.
The Folkton Drums
Date of Discovery: 1889 | Approximate Date of Creation: Between 2600 and 2100 BC | Location of Discovery: Folkton, England | Culture of Origin: Neolithic Britons
Description: A set of intricately-carved model drums created using chalk, found within a child's grave.
Historical Significance: Helped to create a more rounded perception of settlers from this era, demonstrated the importance of music or leisure in everyday life.
The Hagby Runestones
Date of Discovery: 1930 | Approximate Date of Creation: 11th century AD | Location of Discovery: Uppland, Sweden | Culture of Origin: Norse
Description: Four runestones carved in memory of lost warriors or family members, with three of the stones honoring Varangian warriors.
Historical Significance: Aided researchers in understanding the nature of runestones and the spread of Norse settlers, shed light on Varangian warriors.
GOAT Staff Score - Recovered ArtifactThe candidates have been assigned a raw score across a range of criteria. The raw scores have been weighted to reflect the impact that each individual criterion has on the 'Final GOAT Score'. Only weighted scores are displayed in this table. -->TURN DEVICE SIDEWAYS TO VIEW ON MOBILE-->
|Historical Signif. (30%)||Uniqueness (20%)||Anthro. Impact (20%)||Craftsmanship (20%)||Popularity (10%)||Raw Score||Final GOAT Score|
|The Death Mask of Tut…||10||5||7||11||11||44||870|
|The Dead Sea Scrolls||11||7||9||4||10||41||830|
|The Terracotta Soldiers||6||11||6||10||8||41||800|
|The Rosetta Stone||9||9||5||6||9||38||760|
|The Sutton Hoo Helmet||8||3||11||8||7||37||750|
|The Antikythera Mech…||5||10||1||9||5||30||600|
|The Nebra Sky Disk||4||8||10||2||4||28||560|
|The Mask of Agamemnon||7||4||3||1||6||21||430|
|The Phaistos Disc||2||6||2||7||3||20||390|
|The Hagby Runestones||3||1||8||3||2||17||350|
|The Folkton Drums||1||2||4||5||1||13||260|